28 January, 2022
As age increases, the skin tends to lose its elasticity. In addition, the muscles and fat present on the face become thin. Because of this, the skin tends to lose its softness. Due to these changes, wrinkles appear on the skin. Many modern treatment technologies have evolved to reduce these wrinkles and soften the skin. One way of restoring youthful and wrinkle-free skin is using filler.
The filler treatment is the dermatological procedure in which the synthetic or naturally occurring substances called filler are filled inside the skin. These are filled inside the skin through injectables implants or dermal fillers. This procedure is done to decrease facial lines and wrinkles. Fillers soften the skin and restore skin beauty for a specific period. It is the best way for people who want to reduce signs of ageing from the skin. This treatment restores the beauty of skin for a long time depending on the skincare taken by the patient and the quality of filler used.
Types Of Filler
The types of fillers used for filling skin are as follows-
- Hyaluronic acid: Hyaluronic acid is the natural component present in the connective tissue of the skin. They are used to fill the wrinkles and restore the softness of the skin. When used, they last long for a several months to few years and help to keep the skin hydrated.
- Microscopic plastic beads: They are used in combination with bovine collagen to increase the period of the fillers. The plastic beads are made up of polymethyl methacrylate.
- Fat grafting: As the name indicates, the fat of another human is grafted and applied on the site of the patient skin. When these types of filler are used, they tend to last long. They are also known as autologous fat injections.
- Poly-L-lactic acid (Sculptra): The injections are injected to fill the skin of the patient. They are also known as collagen stimulators.
- Bovine collagen: Bovine collagen is used to fill the skin of the patient. Sometimes they experience allergic reactions. So, the patient is advised to undergo an allergic test.
- Calcium hydroxylapatite: When deep wrinkles occur, these fillers are used. They are also used to fill the cheeks and jaw part of the face. They are commonly found in the bones.
Need Of Fillers
- Plump and hydrate the skin.
- Lift and improve cheeks looks.
- Smoothen the skin under the eyes.
- Restore hands softness.
- Smoothen vertical lip linings.
The doctor uses the following procedure during the filling process-
- The skin site is marked, cleaned, and sterilized using sterilizing fluid.
- Dermal fillers containing hyaluronic acid usually come in the form of prefilled syringes containing local anaesthetic agents
- With the help of the needle, the doctor then pierces the skin and introduces the fillers into the dermis.
- If the bovine collagen is used, the patient is asked for allergic skin testing. Weekly testing is done if the allergy persists.
The complete process ends in a few minutes, and the patient is allowed to go home. This treatment lasts long for many months and makes skin look healthy and soft.
There are a few complications of using skin filler which are as follows-
- Skin inflammation.
- Skin allergy.
- Lumps may develop on the skin.
- Sometimes an infection may also develop.
- Bleeding may occur from the site of injection.
- For safe and long-lasting treatment, little precaution should be taken
- A trained and experienced doctor should be selected for the filler treatment.
- Use the best quality filler approved by US-FDA.
- Never use filler by self. It may lead to damage to the skin.
- Always know about the type of filler to be used during treatment.
- Tell the doctor about all the medicine you take early to avoid drug interaction.
- Never use harmful and heavy cosmetics just after the filler treatment.